Bawtry Mayflower Curriculum Implementation
Whilst providing children with the essential knowledge, skills and understanding that they require in order to meet the demands of the National Curriculum, our curriculum is also designed to provide children with opportunities to meet each element of the ‘What we want for our children...’ agreement (see above). Our curriculum has been designed to encompass knowledge and understanding of the world in which we live and how events in the past have shaped it to make it what it is today. The units of work have been designed to complement and build on one another with clear progression and links so that in subsequent year groups, children will be able to advance their understanding of identified Threshold Concepts.
Our innovative approach to curriculum design ensures a focus on the development of literacy skills while at the same time deepening children’s knowledge and experience of the broader curriculum. It is organised into subject specific units of work which allow for cross curricular links where appropriate.
The structure of the curriculum:
Ensures that we introduce pupils to the essential knowledge they need to become educated citizens by introducing them to the best that has been thought and said, helping them to engender an appreciation of human creativity and achievement. (NC 2014)
Ensures that teachers have clarity about what to teach and supports them to develop mastery for all and a greater depth of understanding for those who are capable.
Uses threshold concepts - the big ideas – to build conceptual understanding within and across subjects.
Our growing understanding of cognitive science increasingly underpins our curriculum design and implementation e.g. spaced repetition, retrieval and the development of metacognitive and self-regulation strategies.
We expect that:
Pupils will become increasingly independent learners who take ownership of their learning.
The vast majority of pupils will remember learning against the threshold concepts which will lead to mastery of subject content across the whole curriculum.
Pupils will be supported to become deep analytical thinkers who are able to apply their knowledge and skills in a range of contexts.
Pupils will be self-assured, articulate individuals who can clearly communicate thoughts and opinions and thus be able to make a positive contribution to school and wider society.
Our curriculum is planned and delivered through a two year rolling programme.
The long-term curriculum maps ensure deliberate links within a subject so that threshold concepts are repeated in subsequent years in order to secure and deepen understanding. Links across subjects are also made.
Our curriculum provides opportunities which support children to develop a greater understanding of the world. This will be done through a range of learning opportunities including visits, visitors and an increasingly varied choice of books.
Teaching may be subject specific, cross curricular or delivered through continuous provision in the form of daily routines or theme weeks.
Content and concepts are broken into steps and are carefully and clearly explained, modelled, practised and applied enabling children to increase their independence.
Curriculum Implementation of Subjects:
Reading: Proficiency in reading is key to enabling children to access all other areas of the curriculum and as such, we want our children to read, develop a love of books and become life-long learners.
In EYFS and KS1, Phonics is taught on a daily basis through Read, Write Inc. Speed sound lessons teach children how to say, read and write new sounds and give them the opportunity to use blending to read these sounds in words. Children continually recap the sounds that they have been taught and apply their skills to read and explore books carefully matched to their phonic knowledge. Half termly assessments identify any children requiring additional support and this is rapidly put in place. Children in EYFS access reading activities in the foundation unit and are given lots of opportunities to apply their phonics skills.
Reading is taught daily in whole class sessions using a variety of reading materials and genres. These are carefully planned and selected to develop children’s fluency, comprehension and understanding of vocabulary in context. Children are taught specific reading skills such as inference, summarisation and retrieval through explicit modelling and the use of graphic organisers to draw upon evidence from the text. Children have the opportunity to dig deeply into texts and answer Big Questions.
We encourage children to take books home and share them with parents. Children in key Stage 1 take home independent reading books, in addition to choosing a text from the library that they would like to share with someone at home. Children in Key Stage Two are encouraged to choose from a wide range of texts to read both independently and with an adult at home. All children have reading records for home/school communication.
Writing: Children are given frequent opportunities to write for a range of different audiences and purposes. The children are taught key skills under the Threshold Concepts and these are revisited throughout the year, and in subsequent years, to ensure that mastery is achieved. High quality modelling of the application of taught skills gives children the opportunities to understand how writers make conscious decisions throughout the writing process and enables them to think as a writer. A wide range of stimuli such as texts, real experiences and imagery, are used to capture the children’s imagination and to allow them to apply taught skills into extended pieces of writing. Regular opportunities for children to edit and improve their writing, both independently and collaboratively, help children to understand their strengths and areas for development. Teachers assess children’s independent writing to identify next steps and to inform subsequent teaching and learning.
Spelling is taught discretely and applied through all written work. Our approach to spelling ensures coverage of all spelling rules whilst ensuring that key rules are repeated over time so that these are embedded into long term memory. The teaching of punctuation and grammar is interwoven into writing lessons in a meaningful context and children are given many opportunities to write through other areas of the curriculum.
Maths: We believe that in order for pupils to be confident mathematicians, they need a firm foundation and concrete understanding of number and the number system and so, across the school, we use the Concrete Pictorial Abstract (CPA) approach to teaching mathematics. This allows children to explore mathematical concepts in lots of different ways, using a range of visual representations and it helps children to see the links between different concepts in this subject. This approach is utilised from foundation stage right through to Year 6. We use a mastery approach to teaching maths and aim for all children to achieve this. To support children to develop their mathematical knowledge, skills and understanding, a lesson structure is in place for maths lessons. This structure includes: a daily mental and oral starter; introduction of new learning and expert modelling; a talk task, providing children with the opportunity to practise the new skill collaboratively, and independent application. The independent aspect includes challenges, activities and questions designed to develop fluency, varied fluency, reasoning and problem solving. Daily assessment in the form of questioning, learning conversations with children and marking of books, identifies any children who may need additional support to achieve mastery of concepts and timely interventions ensure that children catch up. Maths lessons are taught daily and in addition to this, children are taught rapid recall of key mathematical facts, using interleaving and distribution to aid memory. Children have opportunities across the curriculum to use and apply their mathematical skills, knowledge and understanding in real life contexts.
Science: Our Science curriculum is structured to allow pupils to explore science through practical and investigative work. The aim of the curriculum is to develop ‘working scientifically’ skills such as planning, conducting, recording, concluding and evaluating as well as to secure curriculum knowledge in biology, chemistry and physics. We encourage natural curiosity and allow the children to investigate for themselves to find answers to their questions about the world around them and beyond. Understanding of the World is interwoven through the EYFS curriculum and taught in adult led sessions, with children then further developing their understanding through a mix of adult and child initiated activities. These key concepts are then revisited throughout the year, giving children opportunities to use and apply their skills and understanding across the curriculum.
In Key Stages One and Two, science is taught discretely and mapped throughout the year with key concepts repeated over time to ensure mastery of these and to ensure that key knowledge is transferred into long term memory. Retrieval practice is built into the science curriculum so that children have opportunities to recall their knowledge. Our Year 6 children attend the STEM event at Magna each year and learn about a range of different career options in these industries to raise their awareness and aspirations.
History:Our topics in school are driven by a humanities theme. Children are given a concept organiser at the start of a term containing key knowledge for the theme, in addition to relevant historical vocabulary. This enables children to make links between the theme being taught and the impact it has on their life and their local area. The vocabulary is explicitly taught and revisited through all relevant themes throughout the year and in subsequent years so that children can master the concepts. Over a term, the children will develop their skills in: communicating historically; investigating and interpreting the past; building an overview of world history and understanding chronology. We provide our children with an opportunity to learn more about the past in a variety of innovative ways and their learning is enriched with out of school visits, visitors into school, a wide range of texts loaned from the library service and artefacts loaned from museums.
Here at Bawtry Mayflower, we are proud to celebrate the voyage of the Pilgrims, who sailed on the Mayflower ship in 1620. The children enjoy learning about this as it is key to the heritage of our school and local area.
Geography:Children are given a concept organiser at the start of a term containing key knowledge for the theme, in addition to relevant geographical vocabulary. As stated above, this vocabulary is explicitly taught throughout the year. Over a term, children develop their skills in: investigating places, investigating patterns and communicating geographically. Each week, the children learn about ‘World News’ in their phase. They learn about an event that is currently happening in the world and apply their skills to find out about the geographical features of the location. This develops children’s understanding as global citizens as well as providing them with opportunities for reflection.
We also have regular theme weeks throughout school to enhance their understanding of significant events in the world such as Remembrance day and sporting events. Our aim is for children to have a secure understanding of the importance of these events locally, nationally and globally.
Art: All pupils have the opportunity to express themselves artistically. Our curriculum is designed to deliver a high-quality education of the arts that engages, inspires and challenges all pupils. The children explore a range of artists across each phase. They appraise work from different cultures and from different times and are asked to discuss their likes and dislikes in order to develop their appreciation and understanding of art. Pupils take inspiration from an artist before practising and mastering a range of techniques. Children then apply the range of techniques and skills that they have learnt to produce an original piece of art, in the style of the artist studied. All children are encouraged to develop their ideas through a hands on approach; practising, improving, developing and applying their skills. We encourage children at Bawtry Mayflower to have a growth mind set and to celebrate mistakes to ensure that they become more resilient, inspiring them to become life-long creative learners.
Art skills are taught across school in discrete lessons which children build upon over the year and in subsequent years. Children then apply these skills in a range of contexts to produce pieces of art that are either stand alone, or linked to another area of the curriculum studied. Expressive arts and design is interwoven into the EYFS curriculum and is taught through adult and child initiated activities. This learning is enriched with regular opportunities to use and apply these skills and to follow their own interests when producing pieces of art through continuous and enhanced provision.
D&T: In DT we develop the creative, technical and practical skills and expertise necessary for performing everyday tasks confidently and to participate successfully in an increasingly technological world. Children take inspiration from designs and designers and spend time evaluating their products and processes so that they have a secure understanding of the procedures necessary to design, make, evaluate and improve functional products for real purposes. Children build and apply a repertoire of knowledge, understanding and skills in order to design and make high-quality prototypes and products for a wide range of users. Children are given opportunities to critique, evaluate and test their ideas and products and the work of others.
In EYFS, expressive arts and design lessons are taught in a sequence over each half term period. Children take inspiration from products that have been designed and made, before then learning the skills necessary to design, make and evaluate their own versions of these products. These skills are taught in adult led sessions with children then further developing their understanding through a mix of adult initiated and child initiated activities. These key concepts are then revisited throughout the year, giving children opportunities to use and apply in real contexts.
In Key Stages one and two, DT is also taught discretely so that children can build the skills and knowledge necessary. Once learned, children have the opportunity to apply their skills to other areas of the curriculum so that they can see the purpose of their learning in different contexts.
Computing: It is important for all children to understand and apply the fundamental principles and concepts of computer science necessary for performing everyday tasks confidently and participating successfully in an increasingly technological world. We teach children the skills and knowledge necessary in order to become responsible, confident, competent and creative users of technology. Our computing curriculum gives children opportunities to code, connect, communicate and collect data. It is tailored to provide a rich, engaging and memorable programme of study for our children including opportunities to work creatively and collaboratively using a range of software and hardware.
In Key Stages one and two, children are taught computing in discrete lessons on a regular basis. The skills of coding, collecting information, communicating and connecting are taught in this way so that children understand that these skills can be transferred across all other curriculum areas. These skills are then applied to real contexts so that children can appreciate the function and role of computer technology in the modern world.
Online Safety is taught discretely as part of our computing curriculum to ensure that children are knowledgeable and responsible users of technology. We use a range of age appropriate resources such as the ‘ThinkUKnow’ resources created in partnership with CEOP and the NCA. Each year, we hold events for parents to inform them of developments in computer programmes that their children could be using and to provide them with information about how they can ensure that their children are safe online. We also share information about e-Safety on the blog.
Religious Education: Religious Education is taught in line with the Doncaster local authority agreed syllabus. It is used alongside humanities as a driver for the wider curriculum. Through our Religious Education curriculum, children are taught about the beliefs, teachings, practices and lifestyles of followers of different religions so that they can reflect upon these, demonstrating understanding and respect. RE is taught in discrete lessons and distributed over time so that children build an understanding of different religions. Retrieval practice ensures that key knowledge is retained and transferred into long term memory. The curriculum is carefully planned to align with special dates and celebrations for the focus religions and links are made between this subject and other areas of the curriculum such as history, geography and art. Our RE curriculum enables the pupils to explore Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and Islam. In EYFS, understanding of people and communities is taught through adult-led and initiated activities with a focus on key celebrations such as Christmas, Easter, Chinese new year and Diwali.
We work closely with our local church community and have weekly ‘Open The Book’ assemblies where children from Year one up learn about the key teachings from the bible. This provides children with another opportunity to reflect, learning from, and about, religion. In addition to this, our children regularly visit St Nicholas’ Church in Bawtry as part of their learning in RE and to celebrate significant Christian events, thus strengthening the school’s link with the local community.
Music: Throughout school, we use the ‘Charanga’ scheme of work for music which provides children with opportunities to explore a range of musical compositions. Music lessons are taught discretely and distributed, with each lesson building upon the last to ensure that children develop the skills and knowledge necessary in order to progress as musicians. Children begin a new unit by listening to a piece of music and appraising it, using structured questions to guide their discussions. They then explore the composition of the music in depth, using hands on activities to decipher the pulse, tempo and pitch of the music. Children learn the tune and vocals for the music before learning how to play the melody with musical instruments. Within class music lessons, children have the opportunity to perform, before evaluating and improving their own work and the work of others. We provide a choir after school club on a termly timetable and members of the choir have regular opportunities to perform in school assemblies and local events such as Sing Up. To further strengthen our links with the local community, some children visit a local retirement housing development to perform for the residents. These enrichment activities give children the opportunity to perform for audiences wider than the immediate school community and develop their confidence. The children in Year 6 are all members of the school brass band and have weekly lessons with a specialised peripatetic teacher from the local music centre. Children in KS2 are able to learn how to play a range of instruments including guitar and woodwind with specialised teachers. They then, along with the Year 6 band, showcase their skills in a musical performance at the end of the term for children, parents and members of the wider community.
PE: Our aim for the teaching of PE is for children to develop practical skills in order to participate, compete and lead a healthy lifestyle. PE lessons are taught by both the class teacher and by specialist sports coaches. Over the course of the year, children build up skills across the full range of disciplines. Lessons include expert modelling of the skill being taught and collaborative and independent practice. Once children have mastered the skill, they then apply it in a range of different ways such as: playing an active role in a team game; creating sequences of movements to perform for an audience; competing in athletics activities and problem solving in outdoor and adventurous activities. Children are given the opportunities to compete and perform, appraising their own work and the work of others before refining their practice. In EYFS, moving and handling and health and self-care as taught one per week and children have access to the outdoor area during independent learning time practise and apply these skills. The children in Year 5 receive weekly swimming lessons at a local leisure centre, delivered by specialist swimming coaches. They are assessed against the requirements of the national curriculum and the aim is for all children to be able to swim confidently so that they are safe when in, or near, water. We offer a range of extra-curricular sporting activities on a termly timetable including tennis, street dance and cheerleading. During the spring and summer terms, children have the opportunity to compete in inclusive sporting competitions in order to apply taught skills to real situations and to continue to develop a love of sports in children. Sports day is held at the end of the academic year so that children can perform for parents and the wider community, further developing their confidence and sporting belief.
PSHE and SRE: The curriculum provides a range of opportunities to enable children to develop an understanding of responsibility and citizenship through taking on additional roles in class and across school to contribute to the wider community. Pupils have regular opportunities to participate in discussion through pupil voice sessions as a vehicle to explore relevant themes including relationships (social and emotional), Health and well-being, Economic wellbeing and being a responsible citizen. We use ‘The Big Talk’ company to support our teaching of Sex and relationship Education (SRE) from EYFS to Y6. We are committed to equipping pupils with skills and knowledge but also the wider learning behaviours and personal attributes they need for success in life-long learning. Each year, the Year 6 children go to Crucial Crew as part of developing our children to become responsible citizens.
Our 4 learning behaviours in school are: be responsible, be determined, be collaborative and be courageous. These behaviours are developed, demonstrated and celebrated in a variety of ways across the school and we encourage children to use them to make the most out of all experiences. Our school rules support our vision of what we want for our children; encouraging them to be kind, be respectful and work hard in order to achieve their very best and contribute as responsible members of society.
French: French is introduced as children move in to Year 3 and continued throughout Key Stage 2. This means that the knowledge, skills and understanding that children develop in this subject is built upon each year. Lessons are delivered weekly by a Modern Foreign Languages specialist teacher from the local comprehensive school. This ensures that the children develop the necessary skills and understanding to continue their learning in this language, bridging the gap into Key Stage 3.
The French curriculum is designed to foster children’s curiosity through regular opportunities to work collaboratively and to apply their developing language skills across different areas. Content that is relevant and meaningful for our children ensures that they see the purpose of their learning and can make links between what is being taught and how this relates to the real world. Accurate pronunciation and intonation is modelled to children and they are given opportunities each lesson to listen and then respond to spoken language, both individually and in pairs/small groups. Children have regular opportunities to further develop the spoken aspect of this language through joining in with and responding to stories, songs, poems and rhymes.
Concepts are regularly revisited and applied so that children develop a deeper understanding, thus fostering a love of the language. In so doing, our children acquire an appreciation of French culture, including developing an understanding of the differences between their own lives and those of French children.